United States Department of Veterans Affairs
VHA Office of Health Information

Training for Testing HTML for 508 Compliance

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Testing for §1194.22 (o): Skip Navigation

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Testing without AT

The quickest way to test for the presence of a skip navigation link without using AT like a screen reader is to look at the code.

Open the source and identify the skip navigation link and the anchor tag it links to.

For example, this code should be the first link on the page:

<!-- SKIP NAV -->
<div id="skiplink">
<a href="#content-area">skip to page content</a>
</div>

The target is the anchor tag which is placed just before the main content:

<a name="content-area"></a>

Pass/Fail

Use the following criteria to make your evaluation of the related checkpoints:

PASS

All of the following conditions are met:

  • The link is present.
  • The link is the first focusable link.
  • If the link contains a title attribute, it properly describes what is skipped over or skipped to.
  • The target of the link, the anchor tag, is placed at the beginning of the main content.

FAIL

Any one of the above conditions is not met, for example:

  • The link is not present.
  • The link is not the first focusable link.
  • If the link contains a title attribute, it does not properly describe what is skipped over or skipped to.
  • The target of the link, the anchor tag, is not placed at the beginning of the main content.

Remember, the purpose of this requirement is to allow the user to skip repetitive navigation links.

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